deals with a specific type of state-corporate crimes in which the state or government relationship with the suspect corporate was based on actions from the state sector to allow Ahmed Ezz, white-collar offender who is wearing both. In addition, Applying these definitions to the Ezz-Dekhila case, the companys Chairman one of the most prestigious and powerful businessmen in Egypt Ahmed Ezz has committed a nonviolent crime by imposing excessive prices on the steel production empowered by his dominant position. 108 freidrichs, supra note 78,. Boone Pickens who is a multinational oil investor and owns British Petrol,.36 Based on this case; some offenders plan their crimes early and avoid the detection by calculating their actions carefully which illustrate their rational decision prior committing the crime. Scholar Commons Citation, stickeler, Charles Nickolas, "A Deadly Way of Doing Business: A Case Study of Corporate Crime in the Coal Mining Industry" (2012). In addition, the company used their special skills and opportunity of their dominant position to increase prices which gained from its professional and business knowledge of the law and given opportunities. It includes within its scope the processes of making laws, of breaking laws and of reacting toward the breaking of laws,67 so these proceedings of the case does not only depicts how deviance can lead to crime but also opens up a new area.
A Deadly Way of Doing Business: A Case Study of Corporate Crime
It also highlights fire escape doors that white collar criminals run through to protect themselves from being criminalized. This theory as well is implicitly a part of the rational choice theory as its main concern is about the punishment and social control which is the Costs element of the rational choice theory. 32 techniques to justify and legitimize their misconduct thus preserve their self-image as respectable and decent businessmen. 11 Egyptian Competition Law has no mention of excessive pricing as an anticompetitive behavior which was the exist clause. The case was transferred to Prosecution and then to the competent Court and in 2008 the Court released its unique judgment and imposed ten million Egyptian Pounds fine on each of the twenty defendants; Directors and Chairmen, of the nine cement companies participants in the. Paradoxically, Egyptian authorities were negotiating provisions of the Competition Law the same time the Minister of General Operations Sector striking the 2003 agreement that is based on the violations of articles 6(a) and (d) of the applicable law. Being a deviant or committing deviant behavior does not exclude it from being categorized in typologies of crimes. Furthermore, offenders defenses were mainly focused on procedural claims such as the unconstitutionality of Article 6 of the Competition Law which embodies the core of the case. (h) Selling products below their marginal cost or average variable cost. Accordingly, crime is a unique category of deviance that depends on government decision to enact a law and/or code of conduct whether to the criminal law code or any other type of law.e. Graduate Theses and Dissertations. For instance the Suez Group albeit its increased production capacity from 63 in 2004 to 76 in 2007 it stabilized its market share in Egypt between.9 and.4 in the years 20 respectively.16 However, the export shares of these nine Cement companies varied greatly.
Name* Description Visibility Others can see my Clipboard. Consequently, the definition of crime by the criminologists is based on their own choice of orientations and perspectives. 29., at 114. Moreover, criminology is an interdisciplinary field in the social sciences, building upon research of sociologists particularly in the sociology of deviance, psychologists and psychiatrists, social anthropologists as well as writings in law.28 In this context, different theories of white-collar crimes have been developed by criminologists.