Archived at the Wayback Machine., m, March 2, 2007. Johann Tetzel responded to the Theses by calling for Luther to be burnt for heresy and having theologian Konrad Wimpina write 106 theses against Luther's work. Tetzel's pamphlet is titled Rebuttal Against a Presumptuous Sermon of Twenty Erroneous Articles. The man who actually buys indulgences is as rare as he who is really penitent; indeed, he is exceedingly rare. How should he answer those who ask why the pope does not simply empty purgatory if it is in his power? It would apply to almost any sin, including adultery and theft. In this system, when Christians sin and confess, they are forgiven and will no longer receive eternal punishment in hell, but may still be liable to temporal punishment. Luther became especially concerned in 1517 when his parishioners, returning from purchasing Tetzel's indulgences, claimed that they no longer needed to repent and change their lives in order to be forgiven of sin. If remission of all penalties whatsoever could be granted to anyone at all, certainly it would be granted only to the most perfect, that is, to very few.
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In the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, Amen. The dying are freed by death from all penalties, are already dead as far as the canon laws are concerned, and have a right to be released from them. Earlier critics of indulgences included John Wycliffe, who denied that the pope had jurisdiction over purgatory. Luther later claimed not to have desired the Theses to be widely distributed. Instead he states his concern regarding the misunderstandings of the people about indulgences which have been fostered by the preaching, such as the belief that any sin could be forgiven by indulgences or that the guilt as well as the punishment for sin could. Presidente.P Martino Lutther. We say on the contrary that even the present pope, or any pope whatsoever, has greater graces at his disposal, that is, the gospel, spiritual powers, gifts of healing, etc., as it is written. He preached about indulgences several times in 1517, explaining that true repentance was better than purchasing an indulgence.
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